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Sustainability 2016, 8(2), 148; doi:10.3390/su8020148

Development and Urban Sustainability: An Analysis of Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis

1
Faculty of Science Policy and Government, Urban development and management, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá 110111, Colombia
2
School of Administration, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá 110111, Colombia
3
Colombian Observatory of Science and Technology, Bogotá 110111, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 8 December 2015 / Revised: 29 January 2016 / Accepted: 1 February 2016 / Published: 4 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [861 KB, uploaded 4 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

In recent decades, the majority of cities in developing countries have grown rapidly and have experienced increasing environmental problems. These changes have generated a broad discussion on urban sustainability and development. In this discussion, it is fundamental to establish methods for measuring urban sustainability using a quantitative approach. This research seeks to estimate and evaluate the environmental, social, and economic efficiency of cities in a developing country, Colombia, using data envelopment analysis to determine the changes that occurred between 2005 and 2013. In this study, indicators related to economic, environmental, and social performance are used with the objective of analyzing efficiency from urban sustainability. The results indicate differences among cities, where the efficient cities show adequate resource use, lower environmental impacts, improved social conditions, and guaranteed economic growth and development. Moreover, as the city scale increases, urban sustainability declines. All these findings are important in the formulation and design of adequate urban policies to improve and strengthen sustainability and social welfare over the long term, particularly in cities in developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sustainability; data envelopment analysis; Colombian cities urban sustainability; data envelopment analysis; Colombian cities
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Alfonso Piña, W.H.; Pardo Martínez, C.I. Development and Urban Sustainability: An Analysis of Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis. Sustainability 2016, 8, 148.

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