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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1340; doi:10.3390/su8121340

Peri-Urban Food Production and Its Relation to Urban Resilience

1
School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Box 700, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
2
Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO), Social Sciences Unit, Burg. Van Gansberghelaan 115 Box 2, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
3
Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 23, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, 1017 Copenhagen, Denmark
4
Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hossein Azadi
Received: 5 October 2016 / Revised: 22 November 2016 / Accepted: 9 December 2016 / Published: 20 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land and Food Policy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1781 KB, uploaded 20 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Food production on the urban–rural fringe is under pressure due to competing land uses. We discuss the potential to improve resilience for urban–rural regions by enhancing food production as part of multifunctional land use. Through studies of peri-urban land in the regions of Gothenburg (Sweden), Copenhagen (Denmark) and Gent (Belgium), recent developments are analysed. Arable farming has been declining since 2000 in all three areas due to urban expansion and recreational land use changes. In city plans, networks of protected areas and green spaces and their importance for human wellbeing have been acknowledged. Policies for farmland preservation in peri-urban settings exist, but strategies for local food production are not expressed in present planning documents. Among the diversity of peri-urban agricultural activities, peri-urban food production is a developing issue. However, the competing forms of land use and the continuing high dependence of urban food on global food systems and related resource flows reduces peri-urban food production and improvements in urban food security. The positive effects of local food production need to be supported by governance aiming to improve the urban–rural relationship. The paper discusses the resilience potential of connecting urban–rural regions and re-coupling agriculture to regional food production. View Full-Text
Keywords: peri-urban agriculture; multifunctionality; urban food security; urban resilience; food policy; governance peri-urban agriculture; multifunctionality; urban food security; urban resilience; food policy; governance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olsson, E.G.A.; Kerselaers, E.; Søderkvist Kristensen, L.; Primdahl, J.; Rogge, E.; Wästfelt, A. Peri-Urban Food Production and Its Relation to Urban Resilience. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1340.

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