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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1271; doi:10.3390/su8121271

Eco-Efficiency Analysis of Industrial Systems in the Songhua River Basin: A Decomposition Model Approach

1
Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
2
College of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276826, China
3
College of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130102, China
4
Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong 999077, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Matthias Finkbeiner
Received: 11 October 2016 / Revised: 1 December 2016 / Accepted: 2 December 2016 / Published: 6 December 2016
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Abstract

Eco-efficiency is an important sustainable development and circular economy construct that conceptualizes the relationship between industrial output, resource utilization, and environmental impacts. This paper conducts an eco-efficiency analysis for basin industrial systems using the decomposition model approach. Using data on 10 cities in China’s Songhua River basin, we illustrate the evolutionary characteristics and influencing factors of industrial systems’ eco-efficiency. The results indicate that cities in upstream and midstream areas focus on improving resource efficiency, whereas cities in downstream areas focus on improving terminal control efficiency. The results also show that the government plays an increasingly important role in promoting eco-efficiency and that significant differences in the influencing factors exist among the upstream area, midstream area, and downstream area. Our results offer deeper insights into the eco-efficiency of industrial systems and give further hints on how policy-making can help achieve sustainable development, balancing between economic activities and environmental protection. View Full-Text
Keywords: industrial system; environmental impact; spatiotemporal difference; eco-efficiency; Songhua River basin; China industrial system; environmental impact; spatiotemporal difference; eco-efficiency; Songhua River basin; China
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Guo, F.; Lo, K.; Tong, L. Eco-Efficiency Analysis of Industrial Systems in the Songhua River Basin: A Decomposition Model Approach. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1271.

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