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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1246; doi:10.3390/su8121246

Environmental Efficiency of Chinese Open-Field Grape Production: An Evaluation Using Data Envelopment Analysis and Spatial Autocorrelation

1
College of Information and Electrical Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing100083, China
2
Faculty of Natural Sciences, Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica, Tajovského 40, Banská Bystrica 974 01, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Iain Gordon
Received: 21 September 2016 / Revised: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 28 November 2016 / Published: 30 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1391 KB, uploaded 30 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Grape production is associated with some negative environmental externalities. However, they are not considered in the traditional data envelopment analysis (DEA) efficiency assessment models and the research literature. Hence, the assessment results cannot correctly reflect the technical efficiency level of open-field grape production. We measured the environmental efficiency of China’s open-field grape production under the constraint of carbon emissions using the slacks-based measure (SBM) model, including the undesirable outputs. In addition, spatial relations of environmental efficiency in different open-field grape production areas in China were evaluated by adopting spatial econometric methods. The results indicate that the average environmental efficiency score of grape production in China is at a low level of 0.651. Overall, the average environmental efficiencies in southern, southwest, and northeast regions are lower than the average levels, which implies the imbalance in economic outputs, resource consumption, and environmental efficiency in open-field grape cultivation. Moreover, the spatial autocorrelation results show that the environmental efficiency of grape production has obvious continuity in neighboring regions and spatial correlation. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental efficiency; open-field grape; spatial correlation; SBM model; China environmental efficiency; open-field grape; spatial correlation; SBM model; China
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Tian, D.; Zhao, F.; Mu, W.; Kanianska, R.; Feng, J. Environmental Efficiency of Chinese Open-Field Grape Production: An Evaluation Using Data Envelopment Analysis and Spatial Autocorrelation. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1246.

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