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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1241; doi:10.3390/su8121241

Does the Central Government’s Environmental Policy Work? Evidence from the Provincial-Level Environment Efficiency in China

1
School of Economics, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Anhui, China
2
School of Economics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Liexun Yang, Peng Zhou and Ning Zhang
Received: 16 October 2016 / Revised: 18 November 2016 / Accepted: 25 November 2016 / Published: 1 December 2016
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Abstract

This paper aims at checking the effectiveness of environmental policy pushed by the Central Government at provincial level since China’s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO). For this purpose, the industrial system of each province is divided into industrial production sub-system and pollution treatment sub-system, and a novel slack-based measure data envelopment analysis (SBM-DEA) model with non-cooperative game is proposed to evaluate the environment efficiency of both industrial production sub-system and pollutant treatment sub-system. The results show that the proposed model can describe the environmental efficiency more precisely than the traditional DEA models. During 2003–2012, the efficiencies of industrial production sub-system and pollution treatment sub-system at the provincial level are both relatively low. Specifically, the efficiency of industrial production is not only lower than pollution treatment efficiency, but is falling generally, especially in the Eastern area. However, in the Central and Western area, the efficiency of industrial production remains relatively stable, and pollution treatment efficiency is rising steadily. The technology gap between the Central/Western area and the Eastern area is narrowing, particularly concerning pollution treatment technology. We thus conclude that though the Central Government’s environmental policies fail to solve the inner contradiction between economic and environmental systems, and they indirectly contribute to the expansion of pollutant treatment technology among the Eastern, Central, and Western areas, which is conducive to the coordinated development among different areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental policy; efficiency evaluation; data envelopment analysis (DEA); non-cooperative game environmental policy; efficiency evaluation; data envelopment analysis (DEA); non-cooperative game
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Xia, Q.; Li, M.; Wu, H.; Lu, Z. Does the Central Government’s Environmental Policy Work? Evidence from the Provincial-Level Environment Efficiency in China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1241.

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