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Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 968; doi:10.3390/su8100968

Quota Restrictions on Land Use for Decelerating Urban Sprawl of Mega City: A Case Study of Shanghai, China

1
Department of Geographic Information Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
2
Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Deal
Received: 14 July 2016 / Revised: 13 September 2016 / Accepted: 20 September 2016 / Published: 22 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Sustainability and Planning Support Systems)
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Abstract

The mega cities of China are faced with great pressure from conflict between huge land demand for construction use and limited resources. To improve this situation, it is necessary to slow the increasing rate of built-up land and even reduce the existing built-up land by improving land use efficiency. Herein, land use planning with urban sprawl deceleration is proposed. Land quotas are important tools for the control of land use planning in China, but the current quotas are mainly in the form of increment, thus cannot support land use planning with urban sprawl deceleration. To address these issues, we developed a model named “current-plan-requirement response (CPRR)”, to optimize the land quotas. With this model, we investigated the current status of land use, the process of land use planning, and the requirements of land use planning with urban sprawl deceleration in Shanghai. It was found that the current land quotas have provided somewhat inhabited conversion of arable land to built-up land, but scarcely any regulation of land use efficiency or protection of natural environment. Then, the land quotas were optimized and quota management recommendations were made. The optimized land quotas included four aspects of quotas: arable land protection, ecological conservation, scale constraint on built-up land and economical and intensive land use. These new land quotas could be used to guide reduction of built-up land and increase ecological land in China’s mega cities. It might also be beneficial for easing conflict between supply and demand of built-up land, for building an eco-friendly city land-use structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use planning; land quota; CPRR; built-up land; Shanghai land use planning; land quota; CPRR; built-up land; Shanghai
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Chen, Z.; Cheng, Q.; Zhou, C.; Jiang, P.; Li, M.; Chen, D. Quota Restrictions on Land Use for Decelerating Urban Sprawl of Mega City: A Case Study of Shanghai, China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 968.

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