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Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 965; doi:10.3390/su8100965

Research on the Sustainable Development of Green-Space in Beijing Using the Dynamic Systems Model

1
School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Beijing Laboratory of Urban and Rural Ecological Environment, Beijing 100083, China
3
Beijing Tsinghua Tongheng Urban Planning & Design Institute, Beijing 100085, China
4
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 3 August 2016 / Revised: 13 September 2016 / Accepted: 20 September 2016 / Published: 22 September 2016
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Abstract

Greater contradiction and conflict among urban green space, the development of social economy and the environment have occurred in Beijing. However, few studies have been conducted that consider the three subsystems as a whole. In this study, we defined sustainable development of green space (SDGS) as the coordinated development of the urban green system, social economy, and environment. Based on the datasets from 2000 to 2015, we forecast the SDGS in Beijing under multiple scenarios based on real-world policies using a system dynamics model. We found that the historical SDGS value increased to its highest level in 2012, but declined slightly by 2015. Second, the forecasted SDGS values declined over time in all scenarios, but the decline was greater in scenarios placing a high priority on economic development. In these scenarios, the performance of the indices only improved in certain subsystems. The simulation shows the implementation of the four policies proposed by the government failed to improve the overall level of SDGS in Beijing. This study could provide support for decision-making designed to improve the overall condition of urban green space in Beijing through integrated forecast and scenario simulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Beijing; forecast; policy formulation; scenario simulation; sustainable development of green space; system dynamics model Beijing; forecast; policy formulation; scenario simulation; sustainable development of green space; system dynamics model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, F.; Sun, Y.; Li, X.; Hao, X.; Li, W.; Qian, Y.; Liu, H.; Sun, H. Research on the Sustainable Development of Green-Space in Beijing Using the Dynamic Systems Model. Sustainability 2016, 8, 965.

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