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Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 1030; doi:10.3390/su8101030

Adoption of Sustainable Land Uses in Post-Soviet Central Asia: The Case for Agroforestry

1
Institute for Food and Resource Economics (ILR), University of Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 174, Bonn 53115, Germany
2
Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Walter-Flex-Str. 3, Bonn 53113, Germany
3
Agricultural Sciences and Resource Management in Tropics and Subtropics, University of Bonn, Nussallee 1, Bonn 53115, Germany
4
Research Forest Products Technologist, Forest Service, Southern Research Station, FIA, 1710 Research Center Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24060, USA
5
World Agroforestry Centre—East and Central Asia, c/o: Kunming Institute of Botany, Kunming 650201, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Helmut Haberl
Received: 14 June 2016 / Revised: 5 October 2016 / Accepted: 7 October 2016 / Published: 14 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Social Ecology and Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [429 KB, uploaded 14 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

We examine constraints and opportunities to enhance adoption of agroforestry for ecosystem and livelihood improvement in post-Soviet economies, using Central Asian countries as examples. Using a coevolutionary socio-ecological systems framework, we describe how development efforts, especially agricultural policies, under centrally planned regimes and under transition to market economies have changed environmental conditions, and how they affect peoples’ welfare. We then discuss agroforestry as a sustainable land use practice to address these issues. We present regional-specific and -suitable agroforestry practices, and discuss their potential. We found that legacies from the previous period of central planning shape current land uses, institutions, infrastructure and decisions of farmers, and constrain development of agroforestry. By identifying opportunities and constraints of agroforestry, we provide recommendations for enhancing the use of agroforestry in Central Asia. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroforestry; coevolution; sustainable land use; socio-ecological systems; transition countries agroforestry; coevolution; sustainable land use; socio-ecological systems; transition countries
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Djanibekov, U.; Villamor, G.B.; Dzhakypbekova, K.; Chamberlain, J.; Xu, J. Adoption of Sustainable Land Uses in Post-Soviet Central Asia: The Case for Agroforestry. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1030.

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