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Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 1012; doi:10.3390/su8101012

Landscape Analysis to Assess the Impact of Development Projects on Forests

1
Department of Environment & Forest Resources, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
2
Institute of Agricultural Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
3
Daejeon Development Institute, Daejeon 34863, Korea
4
Department of Geoinformatics, Namseoul University, Cheonan 31020, Korea
5
Graduate School of Urban Studies, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 1 June 2016 / Revised: 22 September 2016 / Accepted: 28 September 2016 / Published: 12 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1480 KB, uploaded 12 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

The consistent demand for development of forest lands in South Korea has resulted in the need for a new approach to estimate environmental impacts in order to sustainably manage forests. In this study, two types of development were selected: golf courses and industrial complexes. Using FRAGSTATS ver. 4.2 (University of Massachussetts, Amherst, MA, USA), the fragmentation effects of each development type were analyzed based on forest area within project sites and buffer zones ranging up to 2000 m. Each type had representative landscape metrics reflecting the average impact ranges by forest area: “Number of Patches”, “Patch Density” and “Total Edge Length” for golf courses; “Number of Patches”, “Patch Density” and “Connectance Index” for industrial complexes. Golf courses with the smallest forest area had a larger impact range than those with larger forest areas. For industrial complexes, the impact range increased with forest area. Although individual sites exhibited some variation in impact range, they were generally consistent with the overall patterns observed. Investigating tree growth by buffer zone showed the ecological effect of development. To comprehensively manage development of forest lands, further research on other development types is needed. These results could be useful for creating a decision-making system with regard to development on forest lands. View Full-Text
Keywords: development impact on forest landscape; fragmentation analysis; impact range estimation; forest environment; landscape scale; forest landscape change development impact on forest landscape; fragmentation analysis; impact range estimation; forest environment; landscape scale; forest landscape change
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, J.; Lee, S.; Ji, S.Y.; Jeong, J.-C.; Lee, P.S.-H. Landscape Analysis to Assess the Impact of Development Projects on Forests. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1012.

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