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Sustainability 2016, 8(1), 73; doi:10.3390/su8010073

Assessing Air Quality in Turkey: A Proposed, Air Quality Index

1
Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Muğla 48000, Turkey
2
Department of Economics, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Muğla 48000, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fausto Cavallaro and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 20 October 2015 / Revised: 6 January 2016 / Accepted: 8 January 2016 / Published: 13 January 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [848 KB, uploaded 13 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

The annual air quality indices are aimed at better taking into account of long-term exposure to air pollution. This type of indices offer decision-makers condensed environmental information for performance monitoring, policy progress evaluation, benchmarking comparisons, and decision-making. This paper evaluates the air quality of eight Turkish cities in view of the European Union (EU) norms. The proposed index aggregates concentrations of three air pollutants, namely sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter and it is built by using 2014 data from 20 air quality monitoring stations. According to the results obtained from the calculation, the EU standards were exceeded at 14 stations, while at six stations the situation is better than the norms. These results indicate that Turkey has failed in fulfilling the European air quality standards. View Full-Text
Keywords: air quality; air quality index; environmental sustainability air quality; air quality index; environmental sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Büke, T.; Köne, A.Ç. Assessing Air Quality in Turkey: A Proposed, Air Quality Index. Sustainability 2016, 8, 73.

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