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Sustainability 2015, 7(8), 11114-11138; doi:10.3390/su70811114

Adaptive Cycle as a Tool to Select Resilient Patterns of Rural Development

Department of Mathematics, Computer Science and Economics, University of Basilicata, Campus di Macchia Romana, Potenza 85100, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 18 June 2015 / Accepted: 10 August 2015 / Published: 14 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
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Abstract

Changes in agriculture, including simultaneous intensification and abandonment, have significantly shaped the evolution of rural areas. The assessment of resilience in agricultural systems could provide insights into the ability of many rural areas to survive and regain competitiveness following disturbances. The aim of this study is to use the adaptive cycle heuristic as a diagnostic tool to study dynamics of change in two agricultural sectors (durum wheat/sheep and goat farming) in the Basilicata region of Southern Italy over the last seventy years. The heuristic was applied through a participatory approach in a community of stakeholders who have conceived, in collaboration with researchers, the Manifesto “Let’s Think Basilicata” as a regional instrument of analysis and a laboratory of ideas and development of proposals. Despite some methodological difficulties, the adaptive cycle heuristic proved useful to describe processes of change in the socio-ecological system and could have enormous potential in shaping policy instruments for rural areas. However, much greater research is needed, both in terms of theory and methodology, before policy impacts on resilience in socio-ecological systems can be fully understood. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive cycle; socio-ecological resilience; agricultural socio-ecological system; rural policies; stakeholder participation; participatory approach; social learning adaptive cycle; socio-ecological resilience; agricultural socio-ecological system; rural policies; stakeholder participation; participatory approach; social learning
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Salvia, R.; Quaranta, G. Adaptive Cycle as a Tool to Select Resilient Patterns of Rural Development. Sustainability 2015, 7, 11114-11138.

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