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Sustainability 2015, 7(7), 9734-9752; doi:10.3390/su7079734

Spatio-Temporal Features of China’s Urban Fires: An Investigation with Reference to Gross Domestic Product and Humidity

1
Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
Department of Urban Planning, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
4
China Academy of Safety Science and Technology, Beijing 100012, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 30 April 2015 / Revised: 20 June 2015 / Accepted: 8 July 2015 / Published: 22 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1959 KB, uploaded 22 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Frequent fire accidents pose a serious threat to human life and property. The spatio-temporal features of China’s urban fires, and their drivers should be investigated. Based on the Spatio-temporal Dynamic panel data Model (SDM), and using fire data gathered from 337 Chinese cities in 2000 to 2009, the influence of spatio-temporal factors on the frequency of urban fires was analyzed. The results show that (1) the overall fire incidence of China increased annually before 2002 and reduced significantly after 2003, and then high fire incidence increased in western China; (2) Spatio-temporal factors play a significant role in the frequency of Chinese urban fires; specifically, the fire assimilation effect, fire inertia effect and fire caution effect. The ratio of fire incidence of China has reduced significantly, and the focus of fire incidence moved towards the western region of China. GDP and humidity have a significant effect on urban fire situation change in China, and these effects may be referred to as “fire assimilation effects”, “fire inertia effects” and “fire caution effects”. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban fire; spatio-temporal features; SDM, humidity; GDP; the fire assimilation effect; fire inertia effect; fire caution effect urban fire; spatio-temporal features; SDM, humidity; GDP; the fire assimilation effect; fire inertia effect; fire caution effect
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Z.; Zhang, X.; Xu, B. Spatio-Temporal Features of China’s Urban Fires: An Investigation with Reference to Gross Domestic Product and Humidity. Sustainability 2015, 7, 9734-9752.

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