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Sustainability 2015, 7(7), 8255-8269; doi:10.3390/su7078255

The Effects of Environmental and Social Dimensions of Sustainability in Response to the Economic Crisis of European Cities

1
Faculty of Law and Social Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ronda de Toledo, s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
2
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Plaza de la Universidad, 1, 02071 Albacete, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giuseppe Ioppolo, Tan Yigitcanlar and Md. Kamruzzaman
Received: 9 March 2015 / Revised: 18 June 2015 / Accepted: 19 June 2015 / Published: 26 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [147 KB, uploaded 26 June 2015]

Abstract

The concept of sustainable development, which has emerged over the last few decades, has moved away from the global to the local level. The sustainability measurements at the global level use the triple bottom line, considering environmental, economic and social dimensions; however, the limited data available at the local level has driven what little research there is to use these optics when considering cities sustainability. In this paper, we use a sustainability city index based on the intellectual capital approach, which considers the three dimensions for European cities. Concretely, we use the environmental and social dimensions of this city index to analyze the effect of different levels of development in terms of sustainability over the main economic variables with available information. The results highlight the importance of the social and environmental dimensions of sustainability in cities economic recovery and show that cities with best positions in sustainability have better performance in economic terms. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; indicators; environmental dimension; social dimension; intellectual capital; European cities sustainability; indicators; environmental dimension; social dimension; intellectual capital; European cities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nevado-Peña, D.; López-Ruiz, V.-R.; Alfaro-Navarro, J.-L. The Effects of Environmental and Social Dimensions of Sustainability in Response to the Economic Crisis of European Cities. Sustainability 2015, 7, 8255-8269.

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