Next Article in Journal
An Inquiry into the Life Cycle of Systems of Inner Walls: Comparison of Masonry and Drywall
Next Article in Special Issue
Corn Stover Nutrient Removal Estimates for Central Iowa, USA
Previous Article in Journal
Environmental Impacts and Embodied Energy of Construction Methods and Materials in Low-Income Tropical Housing
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Comparative Study of Fouling and Bottom Ash from Woody Biomass Combustion in a Fixed-Bed Small-Scale Boiler and Evaluation of the Analytical Techniques Used
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sustainability 2015, 7(6), 7884-7903; doi:10.3390/su7067884

Moving towards a Competitive Fully Enzymatic Biodiesel Process

Department of Microbiology, University of Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 643, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Department Bioenergy Opportunities, NOVOZYMES A/S, Krogshoejvej 36, 2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pant Deepak
Received: 5 May 2015 / Revised: 8 June 2015 / Accepted: 12 June 2015 / Published: 18 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Use of Biomass Energy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [679 KB, uploaded 18 June 2015]   |  


Enzymatic biodiesel synthesis can solve several problems posed by the alkaline-catalyzed transesterification but it has the drawback of being too expensive to be considered competitive. Costs can be reduced by lipase improvement, use of unrefined oils, evaluation of soluble/immobilized lipase preparations, and by combination of phospholipases with a soluble lipase for biodiesel production in a single step. As shown here, convenient natural tools have been developed that allow synthesis of high quality FAMEs (EN14214) from unrefined oils in a completely enzymatic single-step process, making it fully competitive. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiesel; lipase; enzyme improvement; crude oil; enzyme immobilization; transesterification; phospholipase; degumming biodiesel; lipase; enzyme improvement; crude oil; enzyme immobilization; transesterification; phospholipase; degumming

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cesarini, S.; Pastor, F.I.J.; Nielsen, P.M.; Diaz, P. Moving towards a Competitive Fully Enzymatic Biodiesel Process. Sustainability 2015, 7, 7884-7903.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top