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Sustainability 2015, 7(5), 6278-6302; doi:10.3390/su7056278

Why Include Impacts on Biodiversity from Land Use in LCIA and How to Select Useful Indicators?

1
NTNU Sustainability, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
2
Department Life Cycle Engineering, Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics, 70563 Stuttgart, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 20 February 2015 / Accepted: 24 April 2015 / Published: 22 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

Loss of biodiversity is one of the most severe threats to sustainability, and land use and land use changes are still the single most important factor. Still, there is no sign of any consensus on how to include impacts on biodiversity from land use and land use changes in LCIA. In this paper, different characteristics of biodiversity are discussed and related to proposals on how to include land use and land use changes in LCIA. We identify the question of why we should care about biodiversity as a key question, since different motivations will result in different choices for the indicators, and we call for more openness in the motivation for indicator selection. We find a promising trend in combining pressure indicators with geographic weighting and regard this as a promising way ahead. More knowledge on the consequences of different choices, such as the selection of a reference state, is still needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: LCIA; biodiversity; land use; land use changes; species diversity; structural indicators LCIA; biodiversity; land use; land use changes; species diversity; structural indicators
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Michelsen, O.; Lindner, J.P. Why Include Impacts on Biodiversity from Land Use in LCIA and How to Select Useful Indicators? Sustainability 2015, 7, 6278-6302.

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