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Sustainability 2015, 7(5), 5773-5792; doi:10.3390/su7055773

A Review of China’s Rural Water Management

1,5,†
,
1,2,†
,
3,†
and
1,4,*
1
Key Lab of Pollution Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
2
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
3
Institute for Applied Material Flow Management, University of Applied Sciences Trier, Neubrücke 55768, Germany
4
Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) Potsdam, Potsdam 14467, Germany
5
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Weidong Huang
Received: 16 February 2015 / Revised: 19 April 2015 / Accepted: 27 April 2015 / Published: 8 May 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3591 KB, uploaded 8 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

With less than 6% of total global water resources but one fifth of the global population, China is facing serious challenges for its water resources management, particularly in rural areas due to the long-standing urban-rural dualistic structure and the economic-centralized developmental policies. This paper addresses the key water crises in rural China including potable water supply, wastewater treatment and disposal, water for agricultural purposes, and environmental concerns, and then analyzes the administrative system on water resources from the perspective of characteristics of the current administrative system and regulations; finally, synthetic approaches to solve water problems in rural China are proposed with regard to institutional reform, regulation revision, economic instruments, technology innovation and capacity-building. These recommendations provide valuable insights to water managers in rural China so that they can identify the most appropriate pathways for optimizing their water resources, reducing the total wastewater discharge and improving their water-related ecosystem. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated water management; water availability; water pollution; rural China integrated water management; water availability; water pollution; rural China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yu, X.; Geng, Y.; Heck, P.; Xue, B. A Review of China’s Rural Water Management. Sustainability 2015, 7, 5773-5792.

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