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Sustainability 2015, 7(5), 5521-5541; doi:10.3390/su7055521

Using Water Footprints for Examining the Sustainable Development of Science Parks

School of Health Diet and Industry Management, Chung Shan Medical University, No.110, Sec.1, Jianguo N. Rd., Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
Department of Medical Management, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No.110, Sec.1, Jianguo N. Rd., Taichung City 40201, Taiwan 
Academic Editor: Ashok K. Chapagain
Received: 5 February 2015 / Revised: 24 April 2015 / Accepted: 4 May 2015 / Published: 7 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Footprints and Sustainable Water Allocation)
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The Hsinchu Science Park was established in Taiwan in the 1980s, replacing traditional industries with high value-added and technology-intensive industries. Taiwan has become one of the Newly-Industrialized Economies (NIEs). However, the continued expansion of high-tech enterprises in science parks requires large amounts of resources to be consumed, deteriorating the quality of the environment, for which society must pay a high cost. In this study, the input-output model was used to explore the water footprints of the Hsinchu Science Park. The study results revealed that among the six industries at the Hsinchu Science Park, the integrated circuit industry (whether in 2001, 2004, or 2006) had the lowest total water consumption per unit of output. From a water footprint perspective, compared with the other industries of the science park, the development of the integrated circuit industry has had a lower impact on the environment. Furthermore, the integrated circuit industry, precision machinery industry, and biotechnology industry have become increasingly dependent on foreign water resources to alleviate the water shortage in Taiwan. In contrast to previous studies on water consumption, this study incorporated indirect water usage into the analysis; thus, a comprehensive view of the water consumption of each industry was analyzed from a broad perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: science park; water footprint; input-output analysis; sustainable development science park; water footprint; input-output analysis; sustainable development

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, H.-S. Using Water Footprints for Examining the Sustainable Development of Science Parks. Sustainability 2015, 7, 5521-5541.

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