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Sustainability 2015, 7(5), 5171-5181; doi:10.3390/su7055171

Initiation and Dissemination of Organic Rice Cultivation in Bali, Indonesia

1
The college of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Ami, Ibaraki 300-0393, Japan
2
Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University, Gedung Pascasarjana Lt. Ш JI. PB. Sudirman, Depasar Bali 80223, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 26 February 2015 / Revised: 22 April 2015 / Accepted: 23 April 2015 / Published: 28 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [933 KB, uploaded 28 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

Organic farming has attracted attention in Indonesia because consumers increasingly prefer the putative safety and health benefits of organic farm products. Although national standards for organic farm products were established in 2002, some products sold as organic products in supermarkets do not carry the certification mark. This study investigated organic rice farming on the island of Bali in Indonesia using fieldwork to ascertain the actual increase in organic farming. Results revealed that government certified organic farming used originally produced cattle manure to grow organic rice. At the market, however, some “quasi-organic farming” products, which had not been given the organic farming certification, were sold as organic rice. This eventuality suggests that although organic farming has been increasing steadily in Bali, development of sustainable recycling agriculture demands technical guidance and increased publicity for organic farming, based on national certification, to address misunderstandings and confusion about the definitions of organic farming and national standards that are transparent to producers and consumers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bali; cattle manure; certification; conventional rice; Indonesia; national standard; organic farming; organic rice; sustainability Bali; cattle manure; certification; conventional rice; Indonesia; national standard; organic farming; organic rice; sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shiotsu, F.; Sakagami, N.; Asagi, N.; Suprapta, D.N.; Agustiani, N.; Nitta, Y.; Komatsuzaki, M. Initiation and Dissemination of Organic Rice Cultivation in Bali, Indonesia. Sustainability 2015, 7, 5171-5181.

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