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Sustainability 2015, 7(5), 5071-5093; doi:10.3390/su7055071

Towards Development of a Label for Zero Emission Buildings: A Tool to Evaluate Potential Zero Emission Buildings

1
Synergy Village, Oberschirmensee 16, 8714 Feldbach, Switzerland
2
Department of Architecture, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro Jangan-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do 440-746, Korea
3
Institute for Natural Resource Sciences, ZHAW Zurich University of Applied Sciences, 8820 Waedenswil, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 14 January 2015 / Revised: 13 April 2015 / Accepted: 15 April 2015 / Published: 27 April 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1983 KB, uploaded 27 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

The operation of so-called Zero Emission Buildings (ZEB) does not result in harmful emissions to water, soil and air. In contrast, ZEBs produce energy, water and resources. Therefore, the definition of ZEBs in this paper goes well beyond the definition of (Net) Zero Energy Buildings, which focuses primarily on greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the combustion of fossil fuels. The concept of ZEB is based on the decentralization of urban infrastructure systems on the building level. The aim is to avoid environmental impacts during the building operation through sustainable production, management, consumption, and recycling of resources. In order to facilitate an easy evaluation of ZEBs a ZEB assessment tool needed to be developed. This paper discusses the development of the general framework, the assessment method, and the ZEB Assessment Tool (ZEBAT), which facilitates the evaluation of the environmental performance of potential ZEBs. The exemplary evaluation of selected case studies from Switzerland and South Korea illustrates the method and the practicability of the ZEBAT for the evaluation of potential ZEBs. The holistic integration of environmental performance factors and their specific environmental impacts facilitates the successful application of the ZEBAT independently from the specific use of a building and its geographical location. View Full-Text
Keywords: Zero Emission Buildings; evaluation tool; case studies; Switzerland; South Korea; decentralization; sustainable technologies; infrastructure systems Zero Emission Buildings; evaluation tool; case studies; Switzerland; South Korea; decentralization; sustainable technologies; infrastructure systems
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bühler, D.; Schuetze, T.; Junge, R. Towards Development of a Label for Zero Emission Buildings: A Tool to Evaluate Potential Zero Emission Buildings. Sustainability 2015, 7, 5071-5093.

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