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Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 4727-4746; doi:10.3390/su7044727

The Establishment and Application of Environment Sustainability Evaluation Indicators for Ecotourism Environments

1
School of Health Diet and Industry Management, Chung Shan Medical University, No.110, Sec.1, Jianguo N. Rd. Taichung 40201, Taiwan
2
Department of Medical Management, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No.110, Sec.1, Jianguo N. Rd. Taichung 40201, Taiwan 
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 10 February 2015 / Revised: 2 April 2015 / Accepted: 15 April 2015 / Published: 21 April 2015
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Abstract

Kinmen National Park is the only battle memorial-themed natural resource conservation park in Taiwan. With the rapid growth in tourism, Kinmen National Park faces the challenge of managing with the resulting environmental impact. For this study, we adopted the tourism ecological footprint (TEF) and tourism ecological capacity (TEC) to evaluate the ecological conditions of Kinmen National Park from 2002 to 2011. The empirical results indicated the following findings: (a) TEF increased by 8.03% over 10 years; (b) Regarding the environmental sustainability index (ESI), per capita tourism ecological deficit (PTED) yielded a deficit growth rate of 45.37%. In 2011, the ecological footprint index (EFI) was at Level 4 with 1.16, and the ESI was at Level 3 with 0.495. According to the aforementioned results, with the increased scale of tourism to Kinmen National Park, the pressure that ecological occupancy exerted on the national ecosystem exceeded its ecological capacity. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecotourism; sustainable development; ecological footprint index (EFI); environmental sustainability index (ESI) ecotourism; sustainable development; ecological footprint index (EFI); environmental sustainability index (ESI)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, H.-S. The Establishment and Application of Environment Sustainability Evaluation Indicators for Ecotourism Environments. Sustainability 2015, 7, 4727-4746.

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