Next Article in Journal
An Ecology for Cities: A Transformational Nexus of Design and Ecology to Advance Climate Change Resilience and Urban Sustainability
Next Article in Special Issue
Territorial Analysis of the Agricultural Terraced Landscapes of Tuscany (Italy): Preliminary Results
Previous Article in Journal
CO2 Employment as Refrigerant Fluid with a Low Environmental Impact. Experimental Tests on Arugula and Design Criteria for a Test Bench
Previous Article in Special Issue
Contextualism and Sustainability: A Community Renewal in Old City of Beijing
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 3753-3773; doi:10.3390/su7043753

Optimal Electricity Distribution Framework for Public Space: Assessing Renewable Energy Proposals for Freshkills Park, New York City

Creative Industries, School of Design, Department of Landscape Architecture, Queensland University of Technology, Gardens Point, 2 George St, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, QLD, QLD 4001 Australia 4001 Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shangyi Zhou
Received: 30 January 2015 / Revised: 23 March 2015 / Accepted: 24 March 2015 / Published: 30 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape and Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1166 KB, uploaded 14 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

Integrating renewable energy into public space is becoming more common as a climate change solution. However, this approach is often guided by the environmental pillar of sustainability, with less focus on the economic and social pillars. The purpose of this paper is to examine this issue in the speculative renewable energy propositions for Freshkills Park in New York City submitted for the 2012 Land Art Generator Initiative (LAGI) competition. This paper first proposes an optimal electricity distribution (OED) framework in and around public spaces based on relevant ecology and energy theory (Odum’s fourth and fifth law of thermodynamics). This framework addresses social engagement related to public interaction, and economic engagement related to the estimated quantity of electricity produced, in conjunction with environmental engagement related to the embodied energy required to construct the renewable energy infrastructure. Next, the study uses the OED framework to analyse the top twenty-five projects submitted for the LAGI 2012 competition. The findings reveal an electricity distribution imbalance and suggest a lack of in-depth understanding about sustainable electricity distribution within public space design. The paper concludes with suggestions for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy distribution; public space; sustainability; LAGI; Freshkills Park; New York City; triple bottom line (TBL) renewable energy distribution; public space; sustainability; LAGI; Freshkills Park; New York City; triple bottom line (TBL)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ozgun, K.; Weir, I.; Cushing, D. Optimal Electricity Distribution Framework for Public Space: Assessing Renewable Energy Proposals for Freshkills Park, New York City. Sustainability 2015, 7, 3753-3773.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top