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Sustainability 2015, 7(3), 3386-3413; doi:10.3390/su7033386

An Integrated Approach to Mitigation Wetland Site Selection: A Case Study in Gwacheon, Korea

1
Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-4452, USA
2
Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 145 Anamro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713, Korea
3
Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Graduate School, Korea University, 145 Anamro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713, Korea
4
Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 145 Anamro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu-Pin Lin
Received: 19 December 2014 / Revised: 4 March 2015 / Accepted: 10 March 2015 / Published: 20 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Land Use and Ecosystem Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3464 KB, uploaded 20 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper presents an integrated approach to mitigation wetland site selection using functional landscape connectivity and landscape structure. This approach enables landscape designers to evaluate the relative priorities of mitigation wetland areas based on functional landscape connectivity and wildlife mobility, as well as landscape structure, composition, and configuration. The least-cost path method is used to evaluate candidate sites for mitigation wetlands with regard to wildlife movement. A set of assessments for landscape indices using FRAGSTATS was applied to identify suitable mitigation wetland areas on the basis of landscape connectivity, composition, and configuration. The study was conducted in Gwacheon, Korea, where there are plans for regional development that will change the landscape. In the first step, a group of 14 candidate sites is identified via analysis of functional landscape connectivity using the least-cost path method. In the second step, candidate mitigation wetland areas are ranked according to landscape connectivity and composition. The five mitigation wetland areas that were found to be suitable were analyzed based on landscape configuration at the class level. This study demonstrates that functional landscape connectivity and landscape structure are important aspects to consider when identifying suitable sites for mitigation wetland planning and restoration. View Full-Text
Keywords: mitigation wetland; site selection; landscape functional connectivity; landscape structure; landscape connectivity; landscape configuration; landscape composition; landscape indices mitigation wetland; site selection; landscape functional connectivity; landscape structure; landscape connectivity; landscape configuration; landscape composition; landscape indices
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, J.; Ellis, C.D.; Choi, Y.E.; You, S.; Chon, J. An Integrated Approach to Mitigation Wetland Site Selection: A Case Study in Gwacheon, Korea. Sustainability 2015, 7, 3386-3413.

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