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Sustainability 2015, 7(3), 2745-2767; doi:10.3390/su7032745

Zero Emission Buildings in Korea—History, Status Quo, and Future Prospects

Department of Architecture, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro Jangan-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do 440-746, Korea
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 2 January 2015 / Revised: 17 February 2015 / Accepted: 28 February 2015 / Published: 6 March 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4447 KB, uploaded 6 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper discusses the history, status quo, and future prospects of Zero Emission Buildings (ZEBs) in the Republic of Korea. The advantages of, and requirements for ZEBs are described, concerning the factors of energy, water, nutrients, and biomass. ZEBs are characterized by net zero energy consumption through the minimization of the energy demand, as well as the onsite production and use of renewable energy. The direct water footprint is reduced by up to 100% through on-site water supply and wastewater management according to the principles of Sustainable Sanitation. The fresh water demand is reduced by using water saving technologies and by recycling of wastewater. Rainwater harvesting, utilization, and infiltration facilitates for onsite drinking water production. Nutrients and biomass from sanitation systems are recycled for local soil application. While traditional Korean buildings can be generally regarded as ZEBs, traditional know-how has been overlooked in the process of modernization and implementation of centralized infrastructure systems in the 20th century. However, the growing interest in sustainability issues in Korea since the beginning of the 21st century is reflected in a growing number of research and development activities, including the design, construction, and operation of ZEBs. The widespread implementation of ZEBs would significantly contribute to sustainable development in the Republic of Korea. View Full-Text
Keywords: Korea; Zero Emission Buildings; energy efficiency; energy productivity; renewable energy; sustainable sanitation; rainwater harvesting and management; rainwater utilization; stormwater; urban agriculture Korea; Zero Emission Buildings; energy efficiency; energy productivity; renewable energy; sustainable sanitation; rainwater harvesting and management; rainwater utilization; stormwater; urban agriculture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schuetze, T. Zero Emission Buildings in Korea—History, Status Quo, and Future Prospects. Sustainability 2015, 7, 2745-2767.

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