Measurement and Numerical Simulation of Air Velocity in a Tunnel-Ventilated Broiler House
AbstractA building needs to be designed for the whole period of its useful life according to its requirements. However, future climate predictions involve some uncertainty. Thus, several sustainable strategies of adaptation need to be incorporated after the initial design. In this sense, tunnel ventilation in broiler houses provides high air velocity values (2–3 m·s−1) at animal level to diminish their thermal stress and associated mortality. This ventilation system was experimentally incorporated into a Mediterranean climate. The aim was to resolve these thermal problems in hot seasons, as (traditional) cross-mechanical ventilation does not provide enough air velocity values. Surprisingly, very little information on tunnel ventilation systems is available, especially in terms of air velocity. Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and a multi-sensor system, the average results are similar (at animal level: 1.59 ± 0.68 m·s−1 for CFD and 1.55 ± 0.66 m·s−1 for measurements). The ANOVA for validation concluded that the use of CFD or measurements is not significant (p-value = 0.1155). Nevertheless, some problems with air velocity distribution were found and need to be solved. To this end, CFD techniques can help by means of virtual designs and scenarios providing information for the whole indoor space. View Full-Text
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Bustamante, E.; García-Diego, F.-J.; Calvet, S.; Torres, A.G.; Hospitaler, A. Measurement and Numerical Simulation of Air Velocity in a Tunnel-Ventilated Broiler House. Sustainability 2015, 7, 2066-2085.
Bustamante E, García-Diego F-J, Calvet S, Torres AG, Hospitaler A. Measurement and Numerical Simulation of Air Velocity in a Tunnel-Ventilated Broiler House. Sustainability. 2015; 7(2):2066-2085.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bustamante, Eliseo; García-Diego, Fernando-Juan; Calvet, Salvador; Torres, Antonio G.; Hospitaler, Antonio. 2015. "Measurement and Numerical Simulation of Air Velocity in a Tunnel-Ventilated Broiler House." Sustainability 7, no. 2: 2066-2085.