Thermodynamic Analysis of a Power Plant Integrated with Fogging Inlet Cooling and a Biomass Gasification
AbstractBiomass energy and especially biofuels produced by biomass gasification are clean and renewable options for power plants. Also, on hot days the performance of gas turbines decreases substantially, a problem that can be mitigated by fog cooling. In the present paper, a biomass-integrated fogging steam injected gas turbine cycle is analyzed with energy and exergy methods. It is observed that (1) increasing the compressor pressure ratio raises the air flow rate in the plant but reduces the biomass flow rate; (2) increasing the gas turbine inlet temperature decreases the air and biomass flow rates; (3) increasing the compressor pressure ratio raises the energy and exergy efficiencies, especially at lower pressure ratios; (4) increasing the gas turbine inlet temperature raises both efficiencies; and (5) overspray increases the energy efficiency and net cycle power slightly. The gas turbine exhibits the highest exergy efficiency of the cycle components and the combustor the lowest. A comparison of the cycle with similar cycles fired by natural gas and differently configured cycles fueled by biomass shows that the cycle with natural gas firing has an energy efficiency 18 percentage points above the biomass fired cycle, and that steam injection increases the energy efficiency about five percentage points relative to the cycle without steam injection. Also, the influence of steam injection on energy efficiency is more significant than fog cooling. View Full-Text
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Athari, H.; Soltani, S.; Rosen, M.A.; Mahmoudi, S.M.S.; Morosuk, T. Thermodynamic Analysis of a Power Plant Integrated with Fogging Inlet Cooling and a Biomass Gasification. Sustainability 2015, 7, 1292-1307.
Athari H, Soltani S, Rosen MA, Mahmoudi SMS, Morosuk T. Thermodynamic Analysis of a Power Plant Integrated with Fogging Inlet Cooling and a Biomass Gasification. Sustainability. 2015; 7(2):1292-1307.Chicago/Turabian Style
Athari, Hassan; Soltani, Saeed; Rosen, Marc A.; Mahmoudi, Seyed M.S.; Morosuk, Tatiana. 2015. "Thermodynamic Analysis of a Power Plant Integrated with Fogging Inlet Cooling and a Biomass Gasification." Sustainability 7, no. 2: 1292-1307.