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Sustainability 2015, 7(12), 16849-16865; doi:10.3390/su71215850

Urban Residential Land Use Reconstruction under Dual-Track Mechanism of Market Socialism in China: A Case Study of Chengdu

1
Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental Systems, School of Resource and Environmental Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
2
College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
3
School of Geodesy & Geomatics Engineering, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Lianyungang 222005, China
4
Department of Geosciences, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS 39762, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yehua Dennis Wei
Received: 11 August 2015 / Revised: 15 December 2015 / Accepted: 16 December 2015 / Published: 21 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Land and Sustainable Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1556 KB, uploaded 21 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

We study urban residential land use changes by analyzing the massive migration and relocation of two typical social classes: employees in government departments (EGD) and urban demolition displaced households (UDDH). After the reform and opening-up of China that has taken place during the last 30 years, the residential land use of both the EGD and UDDH groups has been notable in terms of the changing urban landscape in China’s cities. A considerable number of studies highlight the large scale relocations of weaker groups usually through sample surveys at a microscopic scale, which sheds light on the relationships between market forces and government intervention and power. However, employees hired by state government departments and related branches (Shiye Danwei) have been neglected. Bridging the empirical research gap and using Chengdu as a case study, we compare residential relocations of EGD and UDDH groups in Chengdu. Our analysis based on field surveys conducted from 2009–2013 indicates that the relocations of EGD and UDDH are spatially agglomerated due to China’s unique dual-track mechanism driven by market forces and government power since the late 1970s. The study shows that most of the UDDH are migrated from urban centers to fringes, while a large number of EGD still agglomerate close to urban centers. Government interventions differentiate residential relocations of EGD and UDDH, and market mechanisms reinforce these relocations. Potential problems caused by the dual-track mechanism are finally discussed and summarized. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban residential landscape; employees in government departments; urban demolition displaced; residential spatial differentiation; market mechanism urban residential landscape; employees in government departments; urban demolition displaced; residential spatial differentiation; market mechanism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, Y.; Zhang, D.; Meng, Q.; McCarn, C. Urban Residential Land Use Reconstruction under Dual-Track Mechanism of Market Socialism in China: A Case Study of Chengdu. Sustainability 2015, 7, 16849-16865.

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