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Sustainability 2015, 7(12), 16164-16174; doi:10.3390/su71215806

Wineries’ Perception of Sustainability Costs and Benefits: An Exploratory Study in California

1
Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, University of Padua, Legnaro 35020, Italy
2
Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Portici 80055, Italy
3
Department of Economic and Legal Studies, University of Naples “Parthenope”, Naples 80133, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Received: 21 September 2015 / Revised: 23 November 2015 / Accepted: 1 December 2015 / Published: 4 December 2015
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Abstract

The present study aims to make a contribution to the analysis of costs and benefits of adopting sustainable practices. The paper reports the results of an exploratory study into wineries’ perceived mix of economic costs and benefits and environmental benefits provided by participating in the Certified California Sustainable Winegrowing scheme. A total of 14 wineries, representing more than 50% of the entire wine production of California certified wine (and 25% of all certified wineries), participated in the study. Based on the information detected through face-to-face semi-structured interviews with winery managers and owners, performing a descriptive analysis and a logit model, we reveal that overall economic benefits, resulting from the sustainable practices introduced by the certification scheme, outweigh the additional costs. In particular, older wineries (>15 years) and those located in Sonoma Valley or onmultiple sites are more keen to assign a positive economic viability tosustainable practices. Furthermore, sustainable vineyard practices are highly rated by respondents in terms of both perceived environmental and economic benefits. Outcomes should foster similar studies exploring other specific sustainability programs and certification schemes, and eventually encourage cross-cultural investigations. View Full-Text
Keywords: wine industry; sustainable practices; Certified California Sustainable Winegrowing scheme; economic costs and benefits wine industry; sustainable practices; Certified California Sustainable Winegrowing scheme; economic costs and benefits
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pomarici, E.; Vecchio, R.; Mariani, A. Wineries’ Perception of Sustainability Costs and Benefits: An Exploratory Study in California. Sustainability 2015, 7, 16164-16174.

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