Next Article in Journal
Social Justice as a Link between Sustainability and Educational Sciences
Next Article in Special Issue
Natural Disasters, Economic Growth and Sustainable Development in China―An Empirical Study Using Provincial Panel Data
Previous Article in Journal
The Effectiveness of Education for Sustainable Development
Previous Article in Special Issue
What is the Influence of the Planning Framework on the Land Use Change Trajectories? Photointerpretation Analysis in the 1958–2011 Period for a Medium/Small Sized City
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2015, 7(11), 15718-15753; doi:10.3390/su71115718

Risky Business: Sustainability and Industrial Land Use across Seattle’s Gentrifying Riskscape

Huxley College of the Environment on the Peninsulas, Western Washington University, P.O. Box 1699, Poulsbo, WA 98370, USA
Department of Geography, Michigan State University, Geography Building, 673 Auditorium Rd., Room 116, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Department of Environmental Studies, Western Washington University, MS 9085, Bellingham, WA 98225, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yehua Dennis Wei
Received: 21 July 2015 / Revised: 7 November 2015 / Accepted: 16 November 2015 / Published: 24 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Land and Sustainable Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [14080 KB, uploaded 24 November 2015]   |  


This paper examines the spatial and temporal trajectories of Seattle’s industrial land use restructuring and the shifting riskscape in Seattle, WA, a commonly recognized urban model of sustainability. Drawing on the perspective of sustainability as a conflicted process, this research explored the intersections of urban industrial and nonindustrial land use planning, gentrification, and environmental injustice. In the first part of our research, we combine geographic cluster analysis and longitudinal air toxic emission comparisons to quantitatively investigate socioeconomic changes in Seattle Census block-groups between 1990, 2000, and 2009 coupled with measures of pollution volume and its relative potential risk. Second, we qualitatively examine Seattle’s historical land use policies and planning and the growing tension between industrial and nonindustrial land use. The gentrification, green cities, and growth management conflicts embedded within sustainability/livability lead to pollution exposure risk and socioeconomic vulnerability converging in the same areas and reveal one of Seattle’s significant environmental challenges. Our mixed-method approach can guide future urban sustainability studies to more effectively examine the connections between land use planning, industrial displacement, and environmental injustice. Our results also help sustainable development practitioners recognize that a more just sustainability in Seattle and beyond will require more planning and policy attention to mitigate obscured industrial land use conflicts. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; gentrification; riskscapes; land use; environmental injustice; inequitable development; urban geography sustainability; gentrification; riskscapes; land use; environmental injustice; inequitable development; urban geography

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Abel, T.D.; White, J.; Clauson, S. Risky Business: Sustainability and Industrial Land Use across Seattle’s Gentrifying Riskscape. Sustainability 2015, 7, 15718-15753.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top