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Sustainability 2015, 7(10), 14371-14384; doi:10.3390/su71014371

Typology of Cities Based on City Biodiversity Index: Exploring Biodiversity Potentials and Possible Collaborations among Japanese Cities

1
Graduate School of Human and Socio-Environmental Studies, Kanazawa University, Kakuma, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan; E-Mail: kohsaka@hotmail.com
2
Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 457-4 Motoyama, Kamigamo, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8047, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 31 March 2015 / Revised: 15 October 2015 / Accepted: 15 October 2015 / Published: 23 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities)
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Abstract

A City Biodiversity Index (CBI) has been proposed and applied at the international level to enable local municipalities and cities to manage biodiversity and ecosystem services in a sustainable manner. CBI databases are being constructed as global platforms, though the available dataset is limited. The land-use dataset is one of the datasets that can be utilized to apply the CBI on the national level in countries including Japan. To demonstrate the importance and potential of the CBI under the limitation of the available dataset, we attempted to apply the CBI to the 791 Japanese cities by using available land-use indicators, and categorized the cities based on the indicators. The focus of the CBI is self-assessment, but we propose that grouping of cities with similar profiles is possible and can serve as a basis for potential collaboration. Coordinating policies on various scales is necessary in order to enhance biodiversity on a global scale; one option is to increase collaboration among cities. As a result, we found three groups with similar characteristics amongst cities with forests, paddies, and croplands as major compositions in terms of biodiversity. These findings will contribute to policy formation and efficient information sharing for ecosystem services management. View Full-Text
Keywords: City Biodiversity Index; Satoyama Index; land use mixture; land cover; GIS City Biodiversity Index; Satoyama Index; land use mixture; land cover; GIS
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Uchiyama, Y.; Hayashi, K.; Kohsaka, R. Typology of Cities Based on City Biodiversity Index: Exploring Biodiversity Potentials and Possible Collaborations among Japanese Cities. Sustainability 2015, 7, 14371-14384.

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