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Sustainability 2015, 7(10), 14153-14185; doi:10.3390/su71014153

Measuring Resilience to Natural Hazards: Towards Sustainable Hazard Mitigation

1
Department of Research and Development, Research Institute of Korea Appraisal Board, 291, Innovalley-ro, Dong-gu, Daegu Metropolitan City 701-870, Korea
2
M.I.T. Department of Urban Studies and Planning, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 9-238, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rafael D’Almeida Martins
Received: 29 April 2015 / Revised: 1 October 2015 / Accepted: 7 October 2015 / Published: 20 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability Strategies to Adapt to Climate Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3337 KB, uploaded 22 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

Measuring resilience to natural hazards is a central issue in the hazard mitigation sciences. This paper applied a confirmatory factor methodology to operationalize the biophysical, built-environment, and socioeconomic resilience dimensions for local jurisdictions in large urban metropolitan areas in South Korea. Mapping the factor scores of the dimensions revealed great spatial variations. The factor covariances showed a trade-off relationship between natural infrastructure and human activities. A hierarchical cluster analysis was used to classify the localities into heterogeneous groups with respect to the identified resilience dimensions. Densely developed and affluent urban areas tend to lack biophysical resilience. Some local governments, sorted into the same groups, turn out to be located in different metropolitan areas. The spatial variation and inequality in the resilience dimensions suggest the necessity of integrated and flexible governance for sustainable hazard mitigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural hazards; resilience; vulnerability; confirmatory factor analysis natural hazards; resilience; vulnerability; confirmatory factor analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Shim, J.H.; Kim, C.-I. Measuring Resilience to Natural Hazards: Towards Sustainable Hazard Mitigation. Sustainability 2015, 7, 14153-14185.

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