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Sustainability 2015, 7(10), 14026-14041; doi:10.3390/su71014026

A Novel Approach for the Removal of Lead(II) Ion from Wastewater Using Mucilaginous Leaves of Diceriocaryum eriocarpum Plant

1
Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Venda, Private Bag X5050, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
2
Nanotechnology and Water Sustainability Research Unit, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Florida Science Campus, University of South Africa, 1710 Roodepoort, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa
3
Department of Chemical Sciences, Yaba College of Technology, P. M. B. 2011 Yaba, Lagos 101212, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 24 August 2015 / Revised: 6 October 2015 / Accepted: 7 October 2015 / Published: 19 October 2015
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Abstract

Lead(II) ion is a very toxic element known to cause detrimental effects to human health even at very low concentrations. An adsorbent prepared using mucilaginous leaves from Diceriocaryum eriocarpum plant (DEP) was used for the adsorption of lead(II) ion from aqueous solution. Batch experiments were performed on simulated aqueous solutions under optimized conditions of adsorbent dosage, contact time, pH and initial lead(II) ion concentration at 298 K. The Langmuir isotherm model more suitably described the adsorption process than the Freundlich model with linearized coefficients of 0.9661 and 0.9547, respectively. Pseudo-second order kinetic equation best described the kinetics of the reaction. Fourier transform infra-red analysis confirmed the presence of amino (–NH), carbonyl (–C=O) and hydroxyl (–OH) functional groups. Application of the prepared adsorbent to wastewater samples of 10 mg/L and 12 mg/L of lead(II) ion concentration taken from a waste stabilization pond showed removal efficiencies of 95.8% and 96.4%, respectively. Futhermore, 0.1 M HCl was a better desorbing agent than 0.1 M NaOH and de-ionized water. The experimental data obtained demonstrated that mucilaginous leaves from DEP can be used as a suitable adsorbent for lead(II) ion removal from wastewater. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorption; aqueous solution; kinetics; lead(II) ion; remediation; removal efficiency adsorption; aqueous solution; kinetics; lead(II) ion; remediation; removal efficiency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Edokpayi, J.N.; Odiyo, J.O.; Msagati, T.A.M.; Popoola, E.O. A Novel Approach for the Removal of Lead(II) Ion from Wastewater Using Mucilaginous Leaves of Diceriocaryum eriocarpum Plant. Sustainability 2015, 7, 14026-14041.

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