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Sustainability 2015, 7(1), 916-931; doi:10.3390/su7010916

Urban and Rural MSW Stream Characterization for Separate Collection Improvement

1
Department of Energy Production and Use, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independetei, 020371 Bucharest, Romania
2
Institute of Studies and Power Engineering, Bd. Lacul Tei 1-3, 020371 Bucharest, Romania
Current Address: Grove School of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, City College of New York, Steinman Hall, Room 314, 140th Street & Convent Avenue, New York, NY 10031, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 28 November 2014 / Accepted: 9 January 2015 / Published: 14 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

In the new legislation framework enacted by new member countries of the European Union (EU), the characterization of municipal solid waste (MSW) represents an important instrument for local governments and sanitation operators in setting and achieving targets for waste recycling and recovery. This paper presents the results of a study conducted in accordance with the Romanian methodology for domestic wastes characterization ROMECOM, aiming to provide a proper basis for developing clear and realistic forecasts in current municipal waste management, based on MSW composition and generation rate. The analyzed MSW came both from areas where the waste is collected in mixed and separate ways, in urban and rural areas. The MSW composition by fraction is detailed for dense urban areas, urban areas, rural and touristic areas from Romania. Based on these results, the MSW composition was determined for the eight development regions in Romania, and a generation rate of 0.9·kgMSW inhabitant−1·day−1 for the urban region and 0.4·kgMSW inh−1·day−1 for the rural region was established. The calorific values of urban and rural areas were determined as 6801 kJ·kg−1 and 5613 kJ·kg−1, respectively. In the perspective of sustainable development in this technical area, based on the obtained results and on the prognosis made for the following years, two proposals for urban and rural areas were developed for MSW treating options improvement. The two systems are characterized by selective collection (different efficiencies for urban and rural areas) with subsequent recovery of the separated materials and energy recovery of the residual waste in a large-scale waste to energy (WTE) plant. View Full-Text
Keywords: generation rate; MSW characterization; MSW stream; sampling; selective collection generation rate; MSW characterization; MSW stream; sampling; selective collection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ciuta, S.; Apostol, T.; Rusu, V. Urban and Rural MSW Stream Characterization for Separate Collection Improvement. Sustainability 2015, 7, 916-931.

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