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Sustainability 2015, 7(1), 1064-1080; doi:10.3390/su7011064

Spatio-Temporal Changes and Their Reasons to the Geopolitical Influence of China and the US in South Asia

School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
School of Economics and Management, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 15 September 2014 / Revised: 8 January 2015 / Accepted: 12 January 2015 / Published: 20 January 2015
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The current international society has entered an era of large-scale power transfer. Government interests have gradually transferred from national strength to national influence. As such, how to quantitatively present the fuzzy geopolitical influence (i.e., geo-influence) has attracted greater attention from scholars. The proposed concept of geo-influence conforms to this trend of power structure change in international relations, and provides a reference for national sustainable development on the international stage. This study sets up an index system and a mathematical model of geopolitical influence, and explores the spatio-temporal changes of the geo-influence of China and the United States (US) in South Asia over the past decade. Three primary results are found as follows: (1) In general, the geo-influence of China and the US in South Asia increased between 2003 and 2012. In terms of growth rate, the geo-influence of China in South Asia grew much faster than that of the US; (2) The overall strength and geo-influence show non-linear relationships. Strong national overall strength does not necessarily mean that one country has the strongest geo-influence; (3) National geo-influence is inversely proportional to the friction of distance. The larger the friction of distance is, the smaller national geo-potential is, and vice versa. View Full-Text
Keywords: geopolitical influence; spatio-temporal changes; China; the US; South Asia geopolitical influence; spatio-temporal changes; China; the US; South Asia

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, S.; Cao, Y.; Ge, Y. Spatio-Temporal Changes and Their Reasons to the Geopolitical Influence of China and the US in South Asia. Sustainability 2015, 7, 1064-1080.

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