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Sustainability 2014, 6(9), 6188-6202; doi:10.3390/su6096188

Biofuels for a Greener Economy? Insights from Jatropha Production in Northeastern Ethiopia

1
Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, Hallerstrasse 10, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
2
Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2014 / Revised: 3 September 2014 / Accepted: 4 September 2014 / Published: 10 September 2014
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Abstract

Many observers view Jatropha as a miracle plant that grows in harsh environments, halts land degradation and provides seeds for fuel production. This makes it particularly attractive for use in Ethiopia, where poverty levels are high and the degradation of agricultural land is widespread. In this article, we investigate the potentials and limitations of a government-initiated Jatropha project for smallholders in northeastern Ethiopia from a green economy perspective. Data are based on a 2009 household survey and interviews with key informants, as well as on a 2012 follow-up round of interviews with key informants. We conclude that the project has not contributed to a greener economy so far, but has the potential to do so in the future. To maximize Jatropha’s potential, interventions must focus mainly on smallholders and pay more attention to the entire biofuel value chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: green economy; biofuels; Jatropha; Ethiopia; smallholders green economy; biofuels; Jatropha; Ethiopia; smallholders
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Portner, B.; Ehrensperger, A.; Nezir, Z.; Breu, T.; Hurni, H. Biofuels for a Greener Economy? Insights from Jatropha Production in Northeastern Ethiopia. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6188-6202.

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