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Sustainability 2014, 6(7), 4537-4557; doi:10.3390/su6074537

EMAS Regulation in Italian Clusters: Investigating the Involvement of Local Stakeholders

1
Department of Business Studies, Roma Tre University, Via Silvio D'Amico, 77, 00145-Rome, Italy
2
Management Department, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Via del Castro Laurenziano 9, 00161-Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 June 2014 / Revised: 14 July 2014 / Accepted: 15 July 2014 / Published: 22 July 2014
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Abstract

The last revision of the EMAS (Eco Management and Audit Scheme) Regulation encouraged a cluster approach to increase the participation of the organizations and to involve local stakeholders in the commitment to sustainability. Our research activity intends to partially fill the literature gap in the field by investigating the Italian cluster approach to EMAS, characterized by the creation of a cluster Managing Committee (MC)—which can receive an EMAS Cluster Certificate—in order to improve the implementation of the scheme. We investigated the effectiveness of MCs actions on different stakeholder categories in the nine Italian clusters with EMAS Cluster Certificate. We present the results of a survey conducted through different stakeholder categories in the considered clusters. The main goals of the investigation are to determine the effectiveness of EMAS Certificate for: local stakeholder involvement, network creation, environmental performance improvement and the increase in EMAS single registration. We find that EMAS Cluster Certificate is perceived as effective in improving environmental performance of the area and enhancing cluster image. Despite the recognition of these positive aspects, few organizations showed interest in EMAS registration because of the costs involved and the lack of incentives available from public institutions.
Keywords: Eco Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS); Environmental Management System (EMS); Italian clusters; stakeholders; survey Eco Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS); Environmental Management System (EMS); Italian clusters; stakeholders; survey
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Merli, R.; Preziosi, M.; Massa, I. EMAS Regulation in Italian Clusters: Investigating the Involvement of Local Stakeholders. Sustainability 2014, 6, 4537-4557.

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