Next Article in Journal
Comparative Analysis of Monitoring Devices for Particulate Content in Exhaust Gases
Previous Article in Journal
Measuring Compact Urban Form: A Case of Nagpur City, India
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2014, 6(7), 4273-4286; doi:10.3390/su6074273

GM Crops, Organic Agriculture and Breeding for Sustainability

The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), P.O. Box 114/5055, Beirut 1108-2010, Lebanon
Received: 29 March 2014 / Revised: 1 July 2014 / Accepted: 2 July 2014 / Published: 9 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [466 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]

Abstract

The ongoing debate about the use of genetically-modified (GM) crops in agriculture has largely focused on food safety and genetic contamination issues. Given that the majority of GM crops have been produced to respond to the problem of crop yield reductions caused by diseases, insects and weeds, the paper argues that in those cases, the currently used GM crops are an unstable solution to the problem, because they represent such a strong selection pressure, that pests rapidly evolve resistance. Organic agriculture practices provide a more sustainable way of producing healthy food; however, the lower yields often associated with those practices, making the resultant healthy food more expensive, open the criticism that such practices will not be able to feed human populations. Evolutionary plant breeding offers the possibility of using the evolutionary potential of crops to our advantage by producing a continuous flow of varieties better adapted to organic systems, to climate change and to the ever changing spectrum of pests, without depending on chemical control. View Full-Text
Keywords: genetic engineering; organic agriculture; evolutionary plant breeding; sustainability genetic engineering; organic agriculture; evolutionary plant breeding; sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ceccarelli, S. GM Crops, Organic Agriculture and Breeding for Sustainability. Sustainability 2014, 6, 4273-4286.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top