Sustainability 2014, 6(3), 1359-1385; doi:10.3390/su6031359
Article

Planning for Climatic Extremes and Variability: A Review of Swedish Municipalities’ Adaptation Responses

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Received: 21 January 2014; in revised form: 21 February 2014 / Accepted: 25 February 2014 / Published: 14 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Climate change poses a serious challenge to sustainable urban development worldwide. In Sweden, climate change work at the city level emerged in 1996 and has long had a focus on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. City planners’ “adaptation turn” is recent and still ongoing. This paper presents a meta-evaluation of Swedish municipal adaptation approaches, and how they relate to institutional structures at different levels. The results show that although increasing efforts are being put into the identification of barriers to adaptation planning, in contrast, there is little assessment or systematization of the actual adaptation measures and mainstreaming strategies taken. On this basis, opportunities for advancing a more comprehensive approach to sustainable adaptation planning at both the local and institutional level are discussed.
Keywords: Sweden; adaptation; climate change; climate resilience; institutional transformation; sustainability; sustainable urban development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wamsler, C.; Brink, E. Planning for Climatic Extremes and Variability: A Review of Swedish Municipalities’ Adaptation Responses. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1359-1385.

AMA Style

Wamsler C, Brink E. Planning for Climatic Extremes and Variability: A Review of Swedish Municipalities’ Adaptation Responses. Sustainability. 2014; 6(3):1359-1385.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wamsler, Christine; Brink, Ebba. 2014. "Planning for Climatic Extremes and Variability: A Review of Swedish Municipalities’ Adaptation Responses." Sustainability 6, no. 3: 1359-1385.

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