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Sustainability 2014, 6(12), 9282-9304; doi:10.3390/su6129282

Assessing Regional Sustainability Using a Model of Coordinated Development Index: A Case Study of Mainland China

1
School of Management, Wuhan University of Technology, 205 Luoshi Road, Hongshan District, Wuhan 430070, China
2
Department of Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, VRT 8.08, Eindhoven 5612 AZ, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 October 2014 / Revised: 9 December 2014 / Accepted: 9 December 2014 / Published: 15 December 2014
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Abstract

From a holistic view, this paper addresses a perspective of coordinated development of economy, society, and environment for regional sustainability assessment. Firstly, a comprehensive indicator system for co-evaluating the level of economic, social, and environmental subsystems is presented based on a holistic understanding of regional sustainability. Then, a coordinated development index model focusing on the level of coordination among the subsystems as well as their comprehensive development level is established. Furthermore, an empirical study of all the provinces and municipalities is conducted by collecting the panel data from 2004 to 2010. The result shows that: (1) the coordinated developments of the most developed and the most underdeveloped regions stay stable while the regions with medium development level possess more fluctuant trends during the study years; (2) regional disparities are indicated according to the grading of CDI (the coordinated development index), which are further analyzed to be related to the local economic development patterns; (3) the conditions and causes of economic, social, and environmental development in real situations under different grades of CDI are discussed through detailed case studies of typical regions, which indicate specific suggestions of sustainable development for regions in the same pattern. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; coordination degree; coordinated development index; development characteristics; China sustainability; coordination degree; coordinated development index; development characteristics; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, Q.; Ding, Y.; de Vries, B.; Han, Q.; Ma, H. Assessing Regional Sustainability Using a Model of Coordinated Development Index: A Case Study of Mainland China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 9282-9304.

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