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Sustainability 2014, 6(10), 7276-7291; doi:10.3390/su6107276

Initial Study on Triaxiality of Human Settlements—In the Case of 10 Districts (Counties) of Dalian

1
School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian116029, China
2
Land and Resources Development Research Center of Dalian, Dalian 116009, China
3
National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Dalian 116023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 August 2014 / Revised: 12 October 2014 / Accepted: 13 October 2014 / Published: 22 October 2014
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Abstract

For a long time, the traditional pattern of urban-rural human settlements has been shaped in reference to the existence of the urban-rural dual structure. In this paper, we put forward the notion of triaxiality of human settlements, and used the standards conversion entropy weight method to measure and calculate degrees of livability of human settlements, so as to prove the existence of triaxiality of human settlements within the same unit at the micro-scale level, and conduct an empirical study on the spatial-temporal evolution, system attributes and formation mechanisms of the triaxiality of human settlements in 10 districts (counties) of Dalian (Years 2002–2011). Results showed that: (1) Spatial evolution of human settlements presents triaxiality. Administrative divisions do not play a full and predominant role in the unit division of human settlements. The number of distribution districts (counties) within different units of human settlements tends to be balanced, there is spatial variation of tertiary units in the human settlements of Dalian, and the transition area of human settlements occupies the leading position in the unit division of human settlements; (2) Human settlements also exhibit triaxiality at different development stages during the period of evolution. The fluctuation changes of degrees of livability of the human settlements of Dalian within the past 10 years have been relatively stable, with a trend of small scale decline and obvious manifestations of stage differences; (3) The system attributive characters of human settlements presents triaxiality. There also exists differentiations of system and area in human settlements within the same unit; (4) Industrialization and urbanization have led to the collapse of part of the urban-rural dual structure, while the differentiation of ternary structure of the economic and social structure, and living environment and life style leads to the triaxiality of human settlements. View Full-Text
Keywords: human settlements; triaxiality; spatial-temporal evolution; system attribute; formation mechanism human settlements; triaxiality; spatial-temporal evolution; system attribute; formation mechanism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tian, S.; Li, X.; Yang, J.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, Y. Initial Study on Triaxiality of Human Settlements—In the Case of 10 Districts (Counties) of Dalian. Sustainability 2014, 6, 7276-7291.

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