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Sustainability 2014, 6(10), 6985-6997; doi:10.3390/su6106985

Application of Low-Phosphorous Fertilizers on Tea Plantations as a Novel Best Management Practice

1
Department of Natural Resources, Chinese Culture University, Taipei City 11114, Taiwan
2
Wenshan Branch, Tea Research and Extension Station, New Taipei City 22391, Taiwan
3
Taipei Feitsui Reservoir Administration, New Taipei City 23160, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2014 / Revised: 28 September 2014 / Accepted: 28 September 2014 / Published: 7 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Land Use and Ecosystem Management)
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Abstract

Taipei Feitsui Reservoir supplies drinking water to more than five million citizens in northern Taiwan. The Feitsui Reservoir Administration and Tea Research and Extension Station have implemented a new pollution control measure for the use of low-phosphorous (low-P) fertilizers to prevent eutrophication. In this study, we compared the quality of the soil, effluent and tea from two test fields. Low-P fertilizer was applied to one of the fields, and regular phosphorous fertilizer (regular-P) was applied to the other. The study period covered spring and winter seasons. The results showed that the investigated soil chemical properties were not influenced by either the low-P or regular-P fertilizers. The effluent quality was influenced by the precondition of the soil, which resulted in a larger average total phosphorous (TP) concentration in the low-P field. However, there was a decreasing trend in P concentration that amounted to approximately half of the average TP concentration in the regular-P field. The growth characteristics and yields were not significantly different between the two fields, but the taste and aroma of the tea from the low-P field was rated as superior to that of the regular-P field. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural best management practices (BMPs); tea; fertilizers; phosphorous; water quality agricultural best management practices (BMPs); tea; fertilizers; phosphorous; water quality
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, C.-F.; Hu, C.-Y.; Liou, M.-L.; Wu, C.-C.; Su, Y.-S.; Liu, C.-J. Application of Low-Phosphorous Fertilizers on Tea Plantations as a Novel Best Management Practice. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6985-6997.

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