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Sustainability 2013, 5(3), 1141-1160; doi:10.3390/su5031141

Microfoundations for Sustainable Growth with Eco-Intelligent Product Service-Arrangements

* , *  and
Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, Research Group Sustainable Production and Consumption, Doeppersberg 19, Wuppertal 42013, Germany
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 December 2012 / Revised: 20 February 2013 / Accepted: 8 March 2013 / Published: 19 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 40th Anniversary of 'The Limits to Growth')
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This paper argues that the contemporary growth paradigm needs to be reconsidered on a micro level of consumption and product service-systems. This becomes necessary since a dynamic link between macro strategies and micro implementation of sustainable growth is missing up to date. Therefore, mainstream sustainability strategies of efficiency and consistency are extended by sufficiency in order to integrate strategies for individual welfare within their social environment. Limits to and drivers for growth are revised and updated socially in terms of qualitative values, diminishing marginal utility or symbolic social distinction. We elaborate a definition of sustainable growth that fosters individual welfare by enhancing social enactment within the boundaries of environmental space. Shifting focus on social aspects in design fosters more sustainable production and consumption patterns while sustaining individual welfare. We derive latent indications for eco-intelligent product service-arrangements and evaluate to concepts by referring to introduced definitions and according indications. With doing so, we illustrate new pathways for the translation of sustainable growth and strategies into product service-systems.
Keywords: Material Footprint; sustainability strategies; social limits to growth; individual welfare; sustainable design; product service-systems Material Footprint; sustainability strategies; social limits to growth; individual welfare; sustainable design; product service-systems
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Liedtke, C.; Buhl, J.; Ameli, N. Microfoundations for Sustainable Growth with Eco-Intelligent Product Service-Arrangements. Sustainability 2013, 5, 1141-1160.

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