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Sustainability in Near-shore Marine Systems: Promoting Natural Resilience
Southern Seas Ecology Laboratories, School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, DX650 418, South Australia, 5005, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 July 2010; in revised form: 6 August 2010 / Accepted: 13 August 2010 / Published: 16 August 2010
Abstract: Accumulation of atmospheric CO2 is increasing the temperature and concentration of CO2 in near-shore marine systems. These changes are occurring concurrently with increasing alterations to local conditions, including nutrient pollution and exploitation of selected biota. While the body of evidence for the negative effects of climate change is rapidly increasing, there is still only limited recognition that it may combine with local stressors to accelerate degradation. By recognizing such synergies, however, it may be possible to actively manage and improve local conditions to ameliorate the effects of climate change in the medium-term (e.g., by reducing nutrient pollution or restoring populations of herbivores). Ultimately, however, the most effective way to increase the sustainability of near-shore marine systems into the future will be to decrease our reliance on carbon-based sources of energy to reduce the negative effects of climate change.
Keywords: ecosystem shift; climate change; carbon dioxide; algae; amelioration
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Falkenberg, L.J.; Burnell, O.W.; Connell, S.D.; Russell, B.D. Sustainability in Near-shore Marine Systems: Promoting Natural Resilience. Sustainability 2010, 2, 2593-2600.
Falkenberg LJ, Burnell OW, Connell SD, Russell BD. Sustainability in Near-shore Marine Systems: Promoting Natural Resilience. Sustainability. 2010; 2(8):2593-2600.
Falkenberg, Laura J.; Burnell, Owen W.; Connell, Sean D.; Russell, Bayden D. 2010. "Sustainability in Near-shore Marine Systems: Promoting Natural Resilience." Sustainability 2, no. 8: 2593-2600.