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Sustainability 2010, 2(5), 1327-1344; doi:10.3390/su2051327

Land Use Scenario Modeling for Flood Risk Mitigation

European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, TP 261, I-21020 Ispra, Italy
Environmental Modeling Unit, VITO-Flemish Institute for Technological Research, B-2400 Mol, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 March 2010 / Revised: 20 April 2010 / Accepted: 5 May 2010 / Published: 11 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Use and Sustainability)
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It is generally accepted that flood risk has been increasing in Europe in the last decades. Accordingly, it becomes a priority to better understand its drivers and mechanisms. Flood risk is evaluated on the basis of three factors: hazard, exposure and vulnerability. If one of these factors increases, then so does the risk. Land use change models used for ex-ante assessment of spatial trends provide planners with powerful tools for territorial decision making. However, until recently this type of model has been largely neglected in strategic planning for flood risk mitigation. Thus, ex-ante assessment of flood risk is an innovative application of land use change models. The aim of this paper is to propose a flood risk mitigation approach using exposure scenarios. The methodology is applied in the Pordenone province in northern Italy. In the past 50 years Pordenone has suffered several heavy floods, the disastrous consequences of which demonstrated the vulnerability of the area. Results of this study confirm that the main driving force of increased flood risk is found in new urban developments in flood-prone areas.
Keywords: land use modeling; flood risk; flood hazard; urban growth land use modeling; flood risk; flood hazard; urban growth

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Barredo, J.I.; Engelen, G. Land Use Scenario Modeling for Flood Risk Mitigation. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1327-1344.

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