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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3114; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093114

Municipal Waste Management Strategy Review and Waste-to-Energy Potentials in New Zealand

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Auckland, 20 Symonds Street, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
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Received: 7 August 2018 / Revised: 24 August 2018 / Accepted: 27 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
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Abstract

Municipal waste management and Waste-to-Energy (WtE) potentials in New Zealand are discussed. The existing main waste management strategy of New Zealand is to reduce, reuse and recycle waste. Most of the remaining waste is currently disposed of in landfills. WtE options were explored in this study as a more sustainable waste treatment alternative in the country, while making use of the annual 30.8 petajoule of available waste energy in New Zealand. Four WtE technology options were discussed and compared, namely incineration, anaerobic digestion, gasification and pyrolysis. The aspects in comparison were air pollution, cost, side products, capacity, commercial maturity, energy efficiency and type of waste treated. Special emphasis was given to environment-friendliness and cost. From the comparison, it was found that anaerobic digestion seems to be the most attractive solution for the country as it is environment-friendly, economical and the concept is consistent with New Zealand’s existing waste management strategy. The major limitations of anaerobic digestion are its low energy production efficiency and its limited waste treatment capacity. Hence, an effective national waste reduction and recycling strategy is crucial for the success of this waste management option. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal waste; energy; New Zealand; incineration; anaerobic digestion; pyrolysis; gasification municipal waste; energy; New Zealand; incineration; anaerobic digestion; pyrolysis; gasification
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Perrot, J.-F.; Subiantoro, A. Municipal Waste Management Strategy Review and Waste-to-Energy Potentials in New Zealand. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3114.

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