Niche Evolution of China’s Provincial Social–Economic–Natural Complex Ecosystems, 2005–2015
AbstractThe ecological niche of a complex regional ecosystem reflects the fit of various human activities and the advantages and disadvantages of the environment in the region. This study examined China’s comprehensive niches of the compound social–economic–natural ecological system during the “11th Five-Year” and “12th Five-Year” periods using a Full Permutation Polygon Synthetic Indicator method. The results showed that before the 11th Five-Year period, the levels of comprehensive niches in the country were generally low, and, by the end of the 11th Five-Year period, the comprehensive niche levels in Beijing, Tianjin, and the eastern coastal regions each exceeded 0.40. During the 12th Five-Year period, after the ecological civilization construction plans were implemented, the average national comprehensive ecological level reached 0.57, the comprehensive ecological niche levels in eastern coastal areas reached more than 0.84, those in southern regions and some developed middle and western regions were greater than 0.72, and, in central regions, the levels were between 0.50–0.70. This shows that the concept of compound sustainable natural–societal–economic ecosystem development was incorporated into planning and used to guide local policies and assessment criteria for regional development. This paper compares the advantages and disadvantages of regional development plans through time, and can be used to promote coordinated and sustainable regional development. View Full-Text
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Jiang, Y.; Sun, S.; Wang, Y.; Zheng, S. Niche Evolution of China’s Provincial Social–Economic–Natural Complex Ecosystems, 2005–2015. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2824.
Jiang Y, Sun S, Wang Y, Zheng S. Niche Evolution of China’s Provincial Social–Economic–Natural Complex Ecosystems, 2005–2015. Sustainability. 2018; 10(8):2824.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jiang, Yuantong; Sun, Shoukai; Wang, Yening; Zheng, Shuanning. 2018. "Niche Evolution of China’s Provincial Social–Economic–Natural Complex Ecosystems, 2005–2015." Sustainability 10, no. 8: 2824.
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