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Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2467; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072467

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Intra-National Freight Transport: Measurement and Scenarios for Greater Sustainability in Spain

1
Departamento de Análisis Económico, Teoría Económica e Historia Económica, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
2
Departamento de Economía Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
3
L. R. Klein Institute, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 May 2018 / Revised: 19 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Freight Transport)
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Abstract

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions is a topic of major concern worldwide. Following previous articles which provide a methodology for estimating GHG emissions associated with international trade by transport mode at the world level, in this paper, we estimate an equivalent database of GHG emissions for inter-regional trade flows within a country (Spain). To this end, we built a new database of GHG emissions for origin–destination flows between Spanish provinces during 1995–2015. For each year, we combine industry-specific flows by four transport modes (road, train, ship and aircraft) with the corresponding GHG emissions factor for each mode in tons*km, drawn from the specialized literature. With this dataset of GHG emissions, we generate and analyze the temporal, sectoral and spatial pattern of Spanish inter-regional GHG flows. We then forecast emissions for 2016–2030 and consider how transport mode shifts might produce a more sustainable freight system within the country through the substitution of environmentally friendly alternatives (railway) for specific origin–destination–product flows in high-polluting modes (road). View Full-Text
Keywords: greenhouse gas emissions; national freight transport emissions; interregional trade by transport mode; modal shift greenhouse gas emissions; national freight transport emissions; interregional trade by transport mode; modal shift
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Llano, C.; Pérez-Balsalobre, S.; Pérez-García, J. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Intra-National Freight Transport: Measurement and Scenarios for Greater Sustainability in Spain. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2467.

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