Eutrophication, Research and Management History of the Shallow Ypacaraí Lake (Paraguay)
AbstractYpacaraí Lake is the most renowned lake in landlocked Paraguay and a major source of drinking and irrigation water for neighbouring towns. Beyond its socioeconomic and cultural significance, it has great ecological importance, supporting a rich biodiversity. Rapid growth of human presence and activities within its basin has led to its environmental degradation, a heartfelt matter of high political concern that compels intervention. Here, by reconstructing the history of scientific and management-oriented research on this system, we provide a comprehensive assessment of current knowledge and practice to which we contribute our recent, novel findings. An upward trend in total phosphorus concentration confirms ongoing eutrophication of an already eutrophic system, evidenced by consistently high values of trophic state indices. Downward trends in water transparency and chlorophyll-a concentration support the hypothesis that primary production in this lake is fundamentally light limited. Statistical and other analyses suggest high sensitivity of the system to hydraulic, hydro-morphological and hydro-meteorological alterations arising, respectively, from engineering interventions, land use and climate change. By discussing knowledge gaps, opportunities for research and challenges for management and restoration, we argue that this case is of high scientific value and that its study can advance theoretical understanding of shallow subtropical lakes. View Full-Text
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López Moreira M., G.A.; Hinegk, L.; Salvadore, A.; Zolezzi, G.; Hölker, F.; Monte Domecq S., R.A.; Bocci, M.; Carrer, S.; De Nat, L.; Escribá, J.; Escribá, C.; Benítez, G.A.; Ávalos, C.R.; Peralta, I.; Insaurralde, M.; Mereles, F.; Sekatcheff, J.M.; Wehrle, A.; Facetti-Masulli, J.F.; Facetti, J.F.; Toffolon, M. Eutrophication, Research and Management History of the Shallow Ypacaraí Lake (Paraguay). Sustainability 2018, 10, 2426.
López Moreira M. GA, Hinegk L, Salvadore A, Zolezzi G, Hölker F, Monte Domecq S. RA, Bocci M, Carrer S, De Nat L, Escribá J, Escribá C, Benítez GA, Ávalos CR, Peralta I, Insaurralde M, Mereles F, Sekatcheff JM, Wehrle A, Facetti-Masulli JF, Facetti JF, Toffolon M. Eutrophication, Research and Management History of the Shallow Ypacaraí Lake (Paraguay). Sustainability. 2018; 10(7):2426.Chicago/Turabian Style
López Moreira M., Gregorio A.; Hinegk, Luigi; Salvadore, Andrea; Zolezzi, Guido; Hölker, Franz; Monte Domecq S., Roger A.; Bocci, Martina; Carrer, Sebastiano; De Nat, Luca; Escribá, Juan; Escribá, Carmen; Benítez, Gilberto A.; Ávalos, Claudia R.; Peralta, Inocencia; Insaurralde, Mario; Mereles, Fátima; Sekatcheff, Jean M.; Wehrle, Andrés; Facetti-Masulli, Juan F.; Facetti, Juan F.; Toffolon, Marco. 2018. "Eutrophication, Research and Management History of the Shallow Ypacaraí Lake (Paraguay)." Sustainability 10, no. 7: 2426.