Next Article in Journal
Regional CSR Policies and SMEs’ CSR Actions: Mind the Gap—The Case of the Tourism SMEs in Crete
Previous Article in Journal
A Countryside to Sip: Venice Inland and the Prosecco’s Uneasy Relationship with Wine Tourism and Rural Exploitation
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Asian Values of Guānxì as an Economic Model for Transition toward Green Growth
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2196; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072196

Assessing Multiple Pathways for Achieving China’s National Emissions Reduction Target

1
School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100049, China
2
Division of Sustainable Development Strategy, Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASISD), Haidian District, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 May 2018 / Revised: 24 June 2018 / Accepted: 25 June 2018 / Published: 27 June 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [848 KB, uploaded 27 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

In order to achieve China’s target of carbon intensity emissions reduction in 2030, there is a need to identify a scientific pathway and feasible strategies. In this study, we used stochastic frontier analysis method of energy efficiency, incorporating energy structure, economic structure, human capital, capital stock and potential energy efficiency to identify an efficient pathway for achieving emissions reduction target. We set up 96 scenarios including single factor scenarios and multi-factors combination scenarios for the simulation. The effects of each scenario on achieving the carbon intensity reduction target are then evaluated. It is found that: (1) Potential energy efficiency has the greatest contribution to the carbon intensity emissions reduction target; (2) they are unlikely to reach the 2030 carbon intensity reduction target of 60% by only optimizing a single factor; (3) in order to achieve the 2030 target, several aspects have to be adjusted: the fossil fuel ratio must be lower than 80%, and its average growth rate must be decreased by 2.2%; the service sector ratio in GDP must be higher than 58.3%, while the growth rate of non-service sectors must be lowered by 2.4%; and both human capital and capital stock must achieve and maintain a stable growth rate and a 1% increase annually in energy efficiency. Finally, the specific recommendations of this research were discussed, including constantly improved energy efficiency; the upgrading of China’s industrial structure must be accelerated; emissions reduction must be done at the root of energy sources; multi-level input mechanisms in overall levels of education and training to cultivate the human capital stock must be established; investment in emerging equipment and accelerate the closure of backward production capacity to accumulate capital stock. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon intensity reduction target; pathways design for emissions reduction; emissions reduction assessment; stochastic frontier analysis carbon intensity reduction target; pathways design for emissions reduction; emissions reduction assessment; stochastic frontier analysis
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, M.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Y.; Yang, S.; Yang, L. Assessing Multiple Pathways for Achieving China’s National Emissions Reduction Target. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2196.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top