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Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 2014; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10062014

Two-Stage Coordinate Optimal Scheduling of Seawater Pumped Storage in Active Distribution Networks

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2
Power Generation Company of China Southern Power Grid, Guangzhou 510630, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 May 2018 / Revised: 8 June 2018 / Accepted: 10 June 2018 / Published: 14 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Energy Management for Smart Grids)
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Abstract

The percentage of penetration in renewable energy generation (REG) in distribution networks has dramatically increased. Variable speed seawater pumped storage, which has a large power controllable range and flexible modes of operation, is an important tool to be applied in distribution networks to realize peak shaving and valley filling, and to mitigate the negative effects of REG. This paper presents a two-stage coordinated optimal scheduling model for the day-ahead and real-time operation of active distribution networks containing seawater pumped storage, REG, and flexible loads. In the model, seawater pumped storage and flexible loads are dispatched in the first day-ahead stage based on short-term forecast information of REG and load demands to minimize total operational costs. Then in the second real-time stage, the operation schedule of seawater pumped storage is adjusted to mitigate the negative effects of forecast errors of REG on the operation of active distribution networks. Network nodes power quality is improved and power loss is reduced. Applying the model, disadvantages of low accuracy short-term forecast are minimized whereas advantages of high accuracy ultra-short term forecast are fully taken. This model is tested using a modified Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 33-bus system. Numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: seawater pumped storage; renewable energy; active distribution networks; two-stage; scheduling seawater pumped storage; renewable energy; active distribution networks; two-stage; scheduling
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Liang, N.; Deng, C.; Chen, Y.; Yao, W.; Li, D.; Chen, M.; Peng, P. Two-Stage Coordinate Optimal Scheduling of Seawater Pumped Storage in Active Distribution Networks. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2014.

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