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Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 2000; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10062000

Multi-Stakeholder and Multi-Level Interventions to Tackle Climate Change and Land Degradation: The Case of Iran

1
Department of RS and GIS, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Vesal Shirazi Street, Tehran 1417466191, Iran
2
Department of Geography, University of Jean Moulin Lyon 3, 7 Chevreul Street, 69007 Lyon, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 April 2018 / Revised: 8 June 2018 / Accepted: 12 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
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Abstract

Iran faces environmental challenges such as erosion and extreme events, namely droughts and floods. These phenomena have frequently affected the country over the past decades and temperature rise has led to a more challenging situation. Iran started to implement national and provincial policies in the 1950s to cope with these phenomena. To provide an overview of Iran’s efforts to tackle land degradation and climate change, this paper examined through literature since 2000 the stakeholders’ policies, their interventions and obstacles to the mitigation of these environmental challenges. Government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and international projects have been the primary actors. Erosion-sensitive soil plantation, drought-resistant seeds, and water-saving irrigation systems were the main interventions of these policies. However, the research stresses the lack of coordination between these stakeholders, and the absence of a comprehensive database that could enable climate change to be tackled better in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: Iran; land degradation neutrality; climate change; governance; desertification; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Iran; land degradation neutrality; climate change; governance; desertification; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Amiraslani, F.; Caiserman, A. Multi-Stakeholder and Multi-Level Interventions to Tackle Climate Change and Land Degradation: The Case of Iran. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2000.

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